How To Hire A Perfect QA Tester?
How To Hire A Perfect QA Tester?
How To Hire A Perfect QA Tester?
How To Hire A Perfect QA Tester?
Ralfs Gaigulis

Ralfs J. Gaigulis

COO

Jul 11, 2024

12 min read

Hiring a Quality Assurance (QA) tester is a critical step in the software development process. Ensuring that your software product is free from bugs and meets the highest quality standards can save your company from financial losses and reputational damage. This comprehensive guide will provide in-depth insights into why you need QA testers, the skills they should possess, how to evaluate their skills, average salaries, and how to hire them.

Why Do Companies Hire Testers?

Software bugs and glitches can be detrimental to a company's reputation and financial health. Hiring QA testers ensures that any software product meets user expectations and performs seamlessly. Here are some key reasons why companies hire QA testers:

Why Is QA Testing Important?

Save Time and Money.
By employing experienced QA engineers, you can detect and resolve glitches and bugs in the earliest stages of production, preventing costly fixes later. A diligent QA team ensures flawless execution, saving both time and money in the long run.

Build the Brand
A dedicated software tester is integral to your team, enhancing overall product quality and customer satisfaction. When users are content with your product, your business reputation and brand value soar.

Stay Competitive
In today's competitive market, trust is paramount. By hiring QA engineers who prioritize user experience, you ensure that your target audience remains loyal to your product, reducing the risk of them switching to competitors.

Ensure Security
QA testers don't just focus on functionality; they also prioritize security. In a world full of cyber threats, having QA engineers who can secure your product ensures user trust and safety.

When Do You Need to Hire a QA Tester?

Identifying the right time to bring a QA tester on board can significantly impact your product's success. Here’s a breakdown of when to hire a QA professional throughout the software development lifecycle:

Stage 1: Minimum Viable Product

The MVP is the initial version of a product with just enough features to satisfy early adopters. At this stage, hiring a QA tester helps determine essential features and ensures the product meets initial quality standards.

QA involvement at this stage is crucial but limited, about 30%.

Stage 2: First Release

Once the MVP has undergone initial testing, it's time to focus on essential features to minimize risks and costs. A QA tester’s role at this stage includes creating comprehensive documentation of the testing process.
QA involvement increases significantly to 80%.

Stage 3: Growth Phase

As your product gains traction, new features are introduced. A QA engineer becomes indispensable at this stage to continually test new features through regression, smoke, and sanity testing. QA involvement is at its 100%.

Stage 4: Stable Product

When your product has established a strong market presence, maintaining high standards is critical. QA engineers ensure flawless performance, design updates, and superior user experience. Their involvement remains high at 100%.

Stage 5: Expansion and Acquisition

During this phase, focusing on marketing and promotion is essential. QA engineers play a vital role in ensuring all updates and promotional features are bug-free and user-friendly. They help maintain control over development changes and iteration processes with involvement at 80%-100% depending on the project's characteristics.

If you want to improve the quality of your product, bring in experts with over 10 years of QA experience and start testing now! Reach out through our form!

What Are the Requirements/Skills for a QA Engineer?

Quality Mindset

You should not hire a task executor but rather a quality assurer - look for it. A good QA will not simply be following directives, it will act as the primary guardian of quality for your websites. QA should take ownership of project quality from A to Z to ensure that every aspect meets the highest quality standards.

Effective Communication

QA specialists are tasked with identifying issues and collaborating with the developers and PMs to resolve them. This means they must be able to clearly present and document the problems, explaining them so other team members understand what they need to do to fix them.

User-Centric Approach

Quality is not a checkbox, it's a journey that begins long before a project is completed. The QA must take responsibility for every aspect of a project's quality, from FE to BE. The QA has to be able to put itself in the shoes of the end-users of the website - the clients and their customers.

Time Management

Software development requires a quick turnaround to increase the product’s time to market. The QA must assess the product thoroughly without holding up the timeline.

Detail-Oriented

It is impossible to guarantee the absence of bugs, but the QA has to be able to spot as many errors as possible. a QA needs the ability to see any minute defect that could derail the entire product and ultimately affect your business.

Proactive and Responsible

A good QA doesn't wait for issues to arise, it anticipates them! The QA should proactively check for something that doesn't meet the quality standards and speak up. Being proactive in identifying areas for improvement and suggesting necessary changes to the project's stakeholders.

How to Evaluate the Skills of QA Engineers?

Evaluating a QA engineer's skills involves assessing both their technical and soft skills. Here are steps to effectively evaluate a QA engineer:

Technical Competence

Conduct a thorough technical assessment to determine a candidate’s proficiency in different testing methodologies, familiarity with testing tools, and ability to write and execute test cases. Key areas to cover include:

  • Testing Tools Knowledge: Ensure familiarity with tools like Selenium, JIRA, QTP, LoadRunner, and others.

  • Understanding Testing Methodologies: Verify their grasp of methodologies such as Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, etc.

  • Test Case Design: Evaluate their ability to create comprehensive and effective test cases.

Soft Skills Evaluation

Soft skills are equally important in determining how well the QA engineer will integrate into your team and work environment. Evaluate key soft skills like:

  • Communication Skills: Can they explain complex issues clearly and concisely?

  • Team Collaboration: Are they capable of working effectively with others?

  • Critical Thinking: Can they analyze problems and devise creative solutions?

  • Adaptability: Are they flexible and able to adapt to changing requirements?

Practical Assessments

Providing real-world scenarios or test tasks can help evaluate a candidate’s problem-solving abilities and attention to detail. For example, give them a buggy piece of software and ask them to identify and report issues, or design a test plan for a new feature.

Interviewing a QA Tester

Asking the right questions during an interview can help gauge a candidate’s suitability. Here are some key questions to ask:

  1. How do you approach work on a new project?

This question helps understand their strategy and methodology for tackling new tasks. Look for answers that emphasize documentation, test plans, and strategies.

  1. How do you scope your testing amount?

This evaluates their understanding of testing principles. The ideal candidate should outline techniques and decision-making processes for testing strategies.

  1. How do you set the criteria for QA testing?

This checks both hard and soft skills. Effective answers will mention teamwork, communication, proactivity, and critical thinking.

  1. Which QA tools do you use and why?

This measures their knowledge of testing tools and whether their preferred tools align with your company’s needs.

What Are the Average Salaries/Hourly Rates for a QA Engineer?

Salaries for QA engineers vary based on their location, experience, and the complexity of the project. Here is an overview of average salaries across different regions:

North and South America

The average annual salary of a QA engineer in the USA is approximately $94,000, the highest in the world. QA engineers in Latin American countries, such as Mexico and Brazil, demand much lower salaries, around $49,000 and $41,000 respectively, due to lower living costs.

Europe

In the UK, the average salary for a QA engineer is around $64,000 annually, while in Germany, it is approximately $67,000. In Eastern Europe, such as Poland and Ukraine, the salaries are significantly lower, around $37,000 and $24,000 respectively, making these regions popular for outsourcing due to their high-quality talent and lower costs.

Africa and Asia

QA engineers in India earn an average of $13,000 annually, while in China, the average salary is around $25,000. In South Africa, the average annual pay for QA engineers is approximately $54,000. These regions offer lower salary expectations, which can be advantageous for companies looking to manage costs while accessing skilled professionals.

How to Hire a QA Engineer

Hiring a QA engineer involves several steps to ensure you find the right fit for your project. Here are some hiring models to consider:

In-house Team

Having full-time in-house QA engineers is ideal for long-term projects, especially when the software product is complex and has an extended lifecycle. In-house team members have a thorough knowledge of the product, making maintenance easier. However, this hiring model can be expensive due to salaries, health insurance, paid vacations, and other employee benefits.

Outsourced Specialists

Outsourcing QA to a reliable software development agency offers flexibility and access to a broader talent pool. This model is beneficial for companies that want to outsource the entire development process or specific stages. It provides a quick start and the ability to scale the team as needed. However, it’s crucial to choose a reputable agency to ensure quality and reliability.

Extend your team with our experts with 10+ years in Quality Assurance. Reach out through our form

Full-time Contractors

Hiring full-time contractors is a cost-effective solution for specific projects requiring specialized skills. Contractors provide the necessary expertise without the long-term commitment of in-house staff. This model allows you to bring in top-quality talent for the duration of the project, avoiding additional costs such as bonuses and benefits.

Freelancers

Freelancers are suitable for short-term tasks or projects that require additional manpower. They are typically less expensive than other hiring methods but can be less reliable for long-term commitments. The main challenges with freelancers include finding top-rate QA engineers and ensuring they remain dedicated to your project amidst other commitments.

Wrap Up

Hiring a QA tester is essential for delivering high-quality software products. By understanding the importance of QA testers, the necessary skills they should possess, and how to effectively evaluate and hire them, you can ensure your software development process is robust and reliable. Whether you choose in-house staff, contractors, or freelancers, the key is to find professionals who are proactive, detail-oriented, and user-focused to maintain the highest quality standards for your products.

Ensuring thorough testing, effective communication, and a user-centered approach will result in software that not only meets but exceeds user expectations, contributing to your company's success and reputation in the market.

Hiring a Quality Assurance (QA) tester is a critical step in the software development process. Ensuring that your software product is free from bugs and meets the highest quality standards can save your company from financial losses and reputational damage. This comprehensive guide will provide in-depth insights into why you need QA testers, the skills they should possess, how to evaluate their skills, average salaries, and how to hire them.

Why Do Companies Hire Testers?

Software bugs and glitches can be detrimental to a company's reputation and financial health. Hiring QA testers ensures that any software product meets user expectations and performs seamlessly. Here are some key reasons why companies hire QA testers:

Why Is QA Testing Important?

Save Time and Money.
By employing experienced QA engineers, you can detect and resolve glitches and bugs in the earliest stages of production, preventing costly fixes later. A diligent QA team ensures flawless execution, saving both time and money in the long run.

Build the Brand
A dedicated software tester is integral to your team, enhancing overall product quality and customer satisfaction. When users are content with your product, your business reputation and brand value soar.

Stay Competitive
In today's competitive market, trust is paramount. By hiring QA engineers who prioritize user experience, you ensure that your target audience remains loyal to your product, reducing the risk of them switching to competitors.

Ensure Security
QA testers don't just focus on functionality; they also prioritize security. In a world full of cyber threats, having QA engineers who can secure your product ensures user trust and safety.

When Do You Need to Hire a QA Tester?

Identifying the right time to bring a QA tester on board can significantly impact your product's success. Here’s a breakdown of when to hire a QA professional throughout the software development lifecycle:

Stage 1: Minimum Viable Product

The MVP is the initial version of a product with just enough features to satisfy early adopters. At this stage, hiring a QA tester helps determine essential features and ensures the product meets initial quality standards.

QA involvement at this stage is crucial but limited, about 30%.

Stage 2: First Release

Once the MVP has undergone initial testing, it's time to focus on essential features to minimize risks and costs. A QA tester’s role at this stage includes creating comprehensive documentation of the testing process.
QA involvement increases significantly to 80%.

Stage 3: Growth Phase

As your product gains traction, new features are introduced. A QA engineer becomes indispensable at this stage to continually test new features through regression, smoke, and sanity testing. QA involvement is at its 100%.

Stage 4: Stable Product

When your product has established a strong market presence, maintaining high standards is critical. QA engineers ensure flawless performance, design updates, and superior user experience. Their involvement remains high at 100%.

Stage 5: Expansion and Acquisition

During this phase, focusing on marketing and promotion is essential. QA engineers play a vital role in ensuring all updates and promotional features are bug-free and user-friendly. They help maintain control over development changes and iteration processes with involvement at 80%-100% depending on the project's characteristics.

If you want to improve the quality of your product, bring in experts with over 10 years of QA experience and start testing now! Reach out through our form!

What Are the Requirements/Skills for a QA Engineer?

Quality Mindset

You should not hire a task executor but rather a quality assurer - look for it. A good QA will not simply be following directives, it will act as the primary guardian of quality for your websites. QA should take ownership of project quality from A to Z to ensure that every aspect meets the highest quality standards.

Effective Communication

QA specialists are tasked with identifying issues and collaborating with the developers and PMs to resolve them. This means they must be able to clearly present and document the problems, explaining them so other team members understand what they need to do to fix them.

User-Centric Approach

Quality is not a checkbox, it's a journey that begins long before a project is completed. The QA must take responsibility for every aspect of a project's quality, from FE to BE. The QA has to be able to put itself in the shoes of the end-users of the website - the clients and their customers.

Time Management

Software development requires a quick turnaround to increase the product’s time to market. The QA must assess the product thoroughly without holding up the timeline.

Detail-Oriented

It is impossible to guarantee the absence of bugs, but the QA has to be able to spot as many errors as possible. a QA needs the ability to see any minute defect that could derail the entire product and ultimately affect your business.

Proactive and Responsible

A good QA doesn't wait for issues to arise, it anticipates them! The QA should proactively check for something that doesn't meet the quality standards and speak up. Being proactive in identifying areas for improvement and suggesting necessary changes to the project's stakeholders.

How to Evaluate the Skills of QA Engineers?

Evaluating a QA engineer's skills involves assessing both their technical and soft skills. Here are steps to effectively evaluate a QA engineer:

Technical Competence

Conduct a thorough technical assessment to determine a candidate’s proficiency in different testing methodologies, familiarity with testing tools, and ability to write and execute test cases. Key areas to cover include:

  • Testing Tools Knowledge: Ensure familiarity with tools like Selenium, JIRA, QTP, LoadRunner, and others.

  • Understanding Testing Methodologies: Verify their grasp of methodologies such as Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, etc.

  • Test Case Design: Evaluate their ability to create comprehensive and effective test cases.

Soft Skills Evaluation

Soft skills are equally important in determining how well the QA engineer will integrate into your team and work environment. Evaluate key soft skills like:

  • Communication Skills: Can they explain complex issues clearly and concisely?

  • Team Collaboration: Are they capable of working effectively with others?

  • Critical Thinking: Can they analyze problems and devise creative solutions?

  • Adaptability: Are they flexible and able to adapt to changing requirements?

Practical Assessments

Providing real-world scenarios or test tasks can help evaluate a candidate’s problem-solving abilities and attention to detail. For example, give them a buggy piece of software and ask them to identify and report issues, or design a test plan for a new feature.

Interviewing a QA Tester

Asking the right questions during an interview can help gauge a candidate’s suitability. Here are some key questions to ask:

  1. How do you approach work on a new project?

This question helps understand their strategy and methodology for tackling new tasks. Look for answers that emphasize documentation, test plans, and strategies.

  1. How do you scope your testing amount?

This evaluates their understanding of testing principles. The ideal candidate should outline techniques and decision-making processes for testing strategies.

  1. How do you set the criteria for QA testing?

This checks both hard and soft skills. Effective answers will mention teamwork, communication, proactivity, and critical thinking.

  1. Which QA tools do you use and why?

This measures their knowledge of testing tools and whether their preferred tools align with your company’s needs.

What Are the Average Salaries/Hourly Rates for a QA Engineer?

Salaries for QA engineers vary based on their location, experience, and the complexity of the project. Here is an overview of average salaries across different regions:

North and South America

The average annual salary of a QA engineer in the USA is approximately $94,000, the highest in the world. QA engineers in Latin American countries, such as Mexico and Brazil, demand much lower salaries, around $49,000 and $41,000 respectively, due to lower living costs.

Europe

In the UK, the average salary for a QA engineer is around $64,000 annually, while in Germany, it is approximately $67,000. In Eastern Europe, such as Poland and Ukraine, the salaries are significantly lower, around $37,000 and $24,000 respectively, making these regions popular for outsourcing due to their high-quality talent and lower costs.

Africa and Asia

QA engineers in India earn an average of $13,000 annually, while in China, the average salary is around $25,000. In South Africa, the average annual pay for QA engineers is approximately $54,000. These regions offer lower salary expectations, which can be advantageous for companies looking to manage costs while accessing skilled professionals.

How to Hire a QA Engineer

Hiring a QA engineer involves several steps to ensure you find the right fit for your project. Here are some hiring models to consider:

In-house Team

Having full-time in-house QA engineers is ideal for long-term projects, especially when the software product is complex and has an extended lifecycle. In-house team members have a thorough knowledge of the product, making maintenance easier. However, this hiring model can be expensive due to salaries, health insurance, paid vacations, and other employee benefits.

Outsourced Specialists

Outsourcing QA to a reliable software development agency offers flexibility and access to a broader talent pool. This model is beneficial for companies that want to outsource the entire development process or specific stages. It provides a quick start and the ability to scale the team as needed. However, it’s crucial to choose a reputable agency to ensure quality and reliability.

Extend your team with our experts with 10+ years in Quality Assurance. Reach out through our form

Full-time Contractors

Hiring full-time contractors is a cost-effective solution for specific projects requiring specialized skills. Contractors provide the necessary expertise without the long-term commitment of in-house staff. This model allows you to bring in top-quality talent for the duration of the project, avoiding additional costs such as bonuses and benefits.

Freelancers

Freelancers are suitable for short-term tasks or projects that require additional manpower. They are typically less expensive than other hiring methods but can be less reliable for long-term commitments. The main challenges with freelancers include finding top-rate QA engineers and ensuring they remain dedicated to your project amidst other commitments.

Wrap Up

Hiring a QA tester is essential for delivering high-quality software products. By understanding the importance of QA testers, the necessary skills they should possess, and how to effectively evaluate and hire them, you can ensure your software development process is robust and reliable. Whether you choose in-house staff, contractors, or freelancers, the key is to find professionals who are proactive, detail-oriented, and user-focused to maintain the highest quality standards for your products.

Ensuring thorough testing, effective communication, and a user-centered approach will result in software that not only meets but exceeds user expectations, contributing to your company's success and reputation in the market.

Ralfs Gaigulis
Ralfs Gaigulis

Ralfs J. Gaigulis

QA Specialist

Jul 11, 2024

12 min read

How To Hire A Perfect QA Tester?
How To Hire A Perfect QA Tester?

Ralfs J. Gaigulis

Ralfs J. Gaigulis

COO at HiQality

COO at HiQality

Are you considering introducing or improving QA practices in your operations? Make sure you get it right with our team of QA experts by your side. Reach out for a free consultation by using the contact form below!

Are you considering introducing or improving QA practices in your operations? Make sure you get it right with our team of QA experts by your side. Reach out for a free consultation by using the contact form below!

Interested in manual QA?
Let us know!

Interested in manual QA?
Let us know!

Interested in manual QA?
Let us know!

Interested in manual QA?
Let us know!

Interested in manual QA?
Let us know!

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